Hangover is a result of alcohol abuse or binge drinking. The moment you cross the reasonable limit of consuming alcohol you are out of the safe zone and by doing so, you not only harm your health but also risk your life.

What Causes a Hangover?

Your body takes about an hour to process each unit of alcohol. If you drink heavily say 3-5 units of alcohol in an hour or two, the body is not able to process and flush the toxins, giving rise to the symptoms of a ‘Hangover‘ the very next day.

In short, drinking any alcoholic beverage like Whiskey, Rum or Vodka, beyond the reasonable and safe limits triggers a hangover.

Studies have found neurocognitive deficits for frontal lobe processing and working memory operations in binge-drinking compared with non-binge alcohol drinkers.

What are the Major symptoms of a Hangover?

Symptoms of a Hangover

Alcohol is a diuretic and the consumption of alcohol results in water being excreted from the body via urination.

Urinating more often than usual can lead to dehydration and loss of essential electrolytes from the body, which is the primary factor that leads to various symptoms of a hangover such as a dry mouth, brain fog, headache, fatigue, and nausea.

Another leading cause of a hangover is ethanol poisoning – Ethanol is present in all alcoholic drinks and is a toxic chemical that works as a diuretic, which means it makes you urinate more and as a result, you can become dehydrated.

Ethanol is a toxin that passes into the bloodstream and gets distributed around the body, causing damage and irritation to cells and further even more toxic chemical called acetaldehyde is formed when alcohol is broken down in the liver.

Acetaldehyde is weighed down by a substance called glutathione, which limits and checks acetaldehyde damage, but drinking copious amounts of alcohol depletes the glutathione level in the body that leads to acetaldehyde accumulation causing muscle Ache, headaches, and sickness.

Hangovers usually involve a dull headache, nausea, fatigue, and dehydration. Dehydration is the major culprit that leads to this health condition and symptoms related to it making it difficult for you to concentrate – leaving you feeling irritable and anxious.

Drinking too much alcohol, on the other hand, can cause a low blood sugar level (Hypoglycemia), which leads to weakness, light-headedness, tiredness, and a lack of coordination.

Alcohol creates an acidic environment in the body as it aids in acid production in the stomach. As a result of excessive acid in the system, the stomach lining gets irritated, which can cause stomach pain, acid reflux, nausea, and vomiting.

Consuming excess hard liquors on an empty stomach can cause severe stomach irritation, infection and alcohol poisoning. It is advised to eat something before or with drinking can reduce the negative after-effects of Alcohol.


Drinking in moderation is the only answer. Consider limiting your alcohol consumption well before the end of the evening, so that the detox process begins well on time.

So the next time -Drink Smartly, Drink in Moderation – Cheers!