Colorectal Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors and Treatment Options

What is colorectal or colon cancer?

Colorectal cancer is also known as colon cancer begins in the cells of the colon or the rectum. This disease of the small intestinal tract is rare, so when you hear someone talk about bowel cancer, they typically indicate colorectal cancer.

What triggers colorectal cancer?

There is no single reason for colorectal cancer; however, some factors appear to increase the danger of establishing it, consisting of:

  • Age (males and females) – particularly after 50
  • Polyps (little developments on the inner wall of the colon and rectum)
  • The family history of colorectal cancer, benign colorectal polyps, inflammatory bowel illness (ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease), or breast, ovarian or endometrial cancer.
  • Diet
  • Weight problems
  • Lack of workout
  • Diabetes
  • Heavy alcohol usage
  • Cigarette smoking

What are the symptoms of colorectal cancer?

Colorectal cancer is typically referred to as the silent killer as initially there are no warning signs in its early stages.

Having the following symptoms do not suggest that you, in fact, have colorectal cancer, and in reality, they might be caused by other health disorder. You need to talk to your medical professional to be sure.

  • Blood in the stool
  • A constant change in regular bowel habits: diarrhea, constipation or both for no apparent factor.
  • Frequent or consistent cramps, if they last for more than a few days.
  • Stools that are not normal constantly for an extended period.
  • Frequent stomach discomfort (bloating, fullness and heaviness).
  • Frequent gas pains.
  • Bowel does not empty completely.
  • Weight-loss for no apparent reason.
  • Nausea vomiting, consistent fatigue, and exhaustion.

How is colorectal cancer diagnosed?

After completing a physical evaluation (including a rectal exam) and discussing your general health with you, your doctor might think about colorectal cancer. Also, the FOBT test will show your medical professional if there is bleeding in your colon.

Other tests to confirm colorectal cancer consist of a colonoscopy, a kind of telescope that is used to examine the inside of the colon, a sigmoidoscopy, a test used to see the inside lining of the rectum and a part of the colon, or a barium enema which utilizes an x-ray to look at the colon.

When should you get screened for colorectal cancer?

The Canadian Cancer Society advises that women and males 50 and older have a fecal occult blood test a minimum of every two years. People who fall into one of the high-risk groups are those with an individual or family case history of colorectal cancer, benign polyps, inflammatory bowel illness or breast, endometrial or ovarian cancer. These individuals must speak to their doctor about earlier screening.

Why is testing for colorectal cancer crucial?

Colorectal Cancer Screening Test

Yearly Checkups (screening tests) for colorectal cancer can save lives. It is typically treatable when discovered early. Also, the screening will help to identify the grade of your cancer cells and what treatment action is required.

What treatment options are readily available for colorectal cancer?

Treatment for colorectal cancer depends primarily on the size, location, and degree of the tumor, in addition to a person’s total health. A surgical procedure to eliminate the growth and radiation is the most common treatment in the earlier stages of the disease. Chemotherapy is utilized in the later phases when cancer has infected other locations of the body.